Sacajawea Peak, Oregon (9838 ft)
Wallowa-Whitman National Forest
Eagle Cap Wilderness
Description: Wallowa Mountains
Sacajawea Peak is the highest point in the Wallowa Mountains. The Wallowa Mountains are described in Skovlin, et al.:
"The Wallowas are bounded on the north by the Wallowa Valley and to the west by the Grande Ronde Valley. On the south is the Powder Valley and Pine Creek, and far to the east are the Imnaha and Snake Rivers. Watersheds draining from the Wallowas are the Wallowa River system (north), the Minam (west), Eagle Creek (south), and Imnaha (east). Many minor streams including Big and Little Sheep, Bear, Hurricane, and Catherine Creeks drain into these systems."
"The central montane portion is a mixture of granitic and sedimentary rock often capped by Columbia River basalt volcanics extruded through basaltic dikes. Less than 10,000 years ago, it was covered by glaciers, which formed the U-shaped valleys and created the existing landforms that today support a relatively recently colonized mantle of subalpine vegetation."
"The name Wallowa is the Nez Perce word for a tripod of poles that hold a rack or fish weir in a river to stop migrating salmon. Nonnative settlers to this northeastern corner of Oregon adopted the name for the river where the tripods were once conspicuous. Eventually, the name was attached to a town, a valley, a county, and the mountains."
- Bond, Barbara I., 75 Scrambles in Oregon: best non-technical ascents, The Mountaineers Books, 2005.
- Sullivan, William L., 100 Hikes/Travel Guide: Eastern Oregon, Navillus Press, 2002.
- Skovlin, Jon M.; Strickler, Gerald S.; Peterson, Jesse L.; Sampson, Arthur W. 2001. Interpreting landscape change in high mountains of northeastern Oregon from long-term repeat photography. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-505. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 78 p. Links: cover_to_pg_9, pages_10_to_15.